Mongolia, with a land area of about 1.6 million sq. km. and a population of about 3.0 million is the world’s most sparsely populated country. The land ranges from desert to semi-desert to grassy steppe, with mountains in the west and south-west. Arable land is estimated to constitute only 0.8 percent of this vast country. Landlocked between Russia and China, Mongolia has shown steady growth in recent years.
Mongolia is one of the least crime-ridden countries to visit, but petty crime is about. Our safety expert shares his tips on how you can stay safe. With one of the lowest crime rates in Asia, you won't have much to worry about when it comes to trouble in Mongolia – so long as you use common sense.
The Khalkha dialect constitutes the basis for the official language of Mongolia. The other dialects, the number, and grouping of which are controversial, are spoken predominantly in China. With the closely related Buryat language, Mongol forms the eastern group of Mongolian languages.
Mongolian festivals take place throughout the year and are mostly celebrations of Mongolian Culture. Here are some of our favorite Mongolian festivals and celebrations that we can weave into your next holiday to Mongolia.
Mongolian festivals can be intimate village affairs or huge national spectacles. We love the local experiences and social interactions of the smaller events so you can design your journey so that you can share the celebrations with a family or community; there's nothing better than cheering on the eagle hunter on wrestler that you have just spent the last few days with.
Best time to go
The best time to visit Mongolia is during the Mongolian summer, from the mid of June till the last week of August. This is the safest time of the year to travel to Mongolia in terms of weather, sunny days throughout Mongolia and sufficient rainfall to make the steppes lush and green
How much does a trip to Mongolia cost? Is Mongolia expensive? The average Mongolia trip cost is broken down by category here. All of these Mongolia prices are calculated from the budgets of real travelers.
While meal prices in Mongolia can vary, the average cost of food in Mongolia is $5.50 per day. Based on the spending habits of previous travelers, when dining out an average meal in Mongolia should cost around $2.20 per person. Breakfast prices are usually a little cheaper than lunch or dinner. The price of food in sit-down restaurants in Mongolia is often higher than fast food prices or street food prices.
The cost of a taxi ride in Mongolia is significantly more than public transportation. On average, past travelers have spent $1.93 per person, per day, on local transportation in Mongolia.
BACKPACKING IN Mongolia
Known as “the land of blue sky”, Mongolia is an undiscovered, backpacker’s paradise. Where else in the world can you pitch a tent for free in a 1.6 million km² campground, with stunning rolling green hills, grasslands, lakes, and rivers as a backdrop? But what shall you bring in your backpack?
Best things to do in Mongolia
1- Central Mongolia 3 Day Tour Package
Explore the historic cities and natural landscapes of central Mongolia on this three-day all-inclusive tour from Ulaanbaatar. Visit the ancient imperial capital, Karakorum, and discover Lake Ogii and the Khustai National Park.
2- Gorkhi-Terelj National Park & Genghis Khan Statue
Horseback riding over the Mongolian Steppe, a turtle-shaped rock and the largest equestrian statue in the world: explore the Gorkhi-Terelj National Park and visit the Genghis Khan statue on this day trip from Ulaanbaatar.
3- Semi Gobi Desert Tour
Delve into Mongolia's spectacular natural landscapes on this guided tour from Ulaanbaatar. Discover the arid dunes, rugged mountains, and traditional way of life of the Semi Gobi Desert.
WHERE TO STAY IN ULAANBATAAR...
Are you planning to travel to Mongolia? And looking for information about accommodation in Mongolia? So, I will share my first experience of accommodating Mongolia while my tour. So where to stay in Mongolia when you travel around?
1- Okay Hostel
Located in Ulaanbaatar city center. Just 100 meters from the State department store, major tourist attractions & business places. The built-in year 2018. consisting of 6 rooms. Competitive rates include continental breakfast, 24-hour reception, complimentary WiFi in-room & public areas. Common Kitchen & lounge area equipped with all necessary utensils. Flat TV with cable channels, free Ironing facilities in the common areas. Laundry & baggage storage facilities. Easy access by public or private transports with free onsite parking.
Sain baina uu! We’re happy to welcome you to our home. We are a friendly family who is originally from central Mongolia (since ancient times) and has over ten years of experience in trips to the countryside. Our house is the perfect place to land in Ulaanbaatar before making your way to Central, East, West, North, or South Mongolia. We are just a short walk to the main avenue where there are many shops, restaurants, pubs, cafes, and banks. We recommend staying 3 to 5 nights in UB to make the most out of what the city has to offer, but also take time to plan your trip into nature. We can discuss your chosen route before or after you arrive.
Top Guesthouse, on Tourist Street, combines the best accommodations with a great location in the heart of the city. The property provides you with a clean, comfortable, friendly atmosphere and safe environment to our fellow travelers in Ulaanbaatar where you can feel like at home! We have dorm and double rooms. Welcome to beautiful Mongolia.
Planning to cycle across Mongolia?
6 Unforgettable cycling tour in Mongolia
1- Wild Mongolia Cycle & Naadam Festival
Start and end in Ulaanbaatar! With the bicycle tour Wild Mongolia Cycle & Naadam Festival, you have a 16-day tour package taking you through Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, and 2 other destinations in Mongolia. Wild Mongolia Cycle & Naadam Festival includes accommodation as well as an expert guide, meals, transport and more.
2- Remote Mongolia Cycle
Start and end in Ulaanbaatar! With the bicycle tour Remote Mongolia Cycle, you have a 14-day tour package taking you through Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia, and 6 other destinations in Mongolia. Remote Mongolia Cycle includes accommodation in a hotel as well as an expert guide, meals, transport, and more.
Best books to read while in Mongolia.
1- Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World
New York Times Bestseller • The startling true history of how one extraordinary man from a remote cornerof the world created an empire that led the world into the modern age.
The Mongol army led by Genghis Khan subjugated more lands and people in twenty-five years than the Romans did in four hundred. In nearly every country the Mongols conquered, they brought an unprecedented rise in cultural communication, expanded trade, and a blossoming of civilization. Vastly more progressive than his European or Asian counterparts, Genghis Khan abolished torture, granted universal religious freedom, and smashed feudal systems of aristocratic privilege.
2- Walking Home From Mongolia: Ten Million Steps Through China, From the Gobi Desert to the South China Sea
Starting in the Gobi desert in winter, adventurer Rob Lilwall sets out on an extraordinary six-month journey, walking almost 5000 kilometres across China. Along the way he and his cameraman Leon brave the toxic insides of China's longest road tunnel, explore desolate stretches of the Great Wall and endure interrogation by the Chinese police.
As they walk on through the heart of China, the exuberant hospitality of cave dwellers, coal miners and desert nomads keeps them going, despite sub-zero blizzards and the treacherous terrain.
Rob writes with humour and honesty about the hardships of the walk, reflecting on the nature of READ MORE
3- On the Trail of Genghis Khan
The relationship between man and horse on the Eurasian steppe gave rise to a succession of rich nomadic cultures. Among them were the Mongols of the thirteenth century - a small tribe, which, under the charismatic leadership of Genghis Khan, created the largest contiguous land empire in history. Inspired by the extraordinary life nomads still lead today, Tim Cope embarked on a journey that hadn't been successfully completed since those times: to travel on horseback across the entire length of the Eurasian steppe, from the Karakorum, the ancient capital of Mongolia, through Kazakhstan, Russia, Crimea, and Ukraine to the Danube River in Hungary. From horse-riding novice to traveling three years and 10,000 kilometers on horseback, accompanied by his dog Tigon, Tim learned to fend off wolves and would-be horse-thieves, and grapple with the extremes of the steppe as he crossed sub-zero plateaux, the scorching deserts of Kazakhstan and the high-mountain passes of the Carpathians.
4- Lonely Planet / Mongolia
Lonely Planet's Mongolia is your passport to the most relevant, up-to-date advice on what to see and skip, and what hidden discoveries await you. Visit monasteries for a slice of Buddhist history and whispered mantras; hike through the rugged mountains, serene river valleys and fields of wildflowers in the Mongolian backcountry; and travel by camel across the Gobi Desert in the footsteps of Marco Polo. All with your trusted travel companion. Get to the heart of Mongolia and begin your journey now!